What's a Fact?

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Simply put, a fact is something that is true. Something actually happened. Something actually exists. Words were actually spoken. The action was or was not actually taken. If there was a camera that was recording every second of every day and every word spoken, you could rewind that video and verify the actuality of the event. That would be a fact.

While we don't have a record of every single event, what we do have is a free press. Thousands of reporters and citizen journalists are out there capturing and recording events each day. It is with this reporting that we can separate fact from fiction. Let's talk about our methodology on what makes a story fact or fiction.

Caught in a lie on day 2 and every day thereafter.

January 21, 2017 - Newly inaugurated President Donald J. Trump goes to CIA headquarters to deliver a speech where he covered his favorite subject...the popularity of Donald J. Trump.

In his speech, he claimed that he saw what "looked like a million-and-a-half people” and said the crowds “went all the way back to the Washington Monument.” He then reveled in the fact that he caught the media in a big lie.

It wasn't the media caught in a lie but he doubled down and deployed Press Secretary Sean Spicer to give a press conference where he declared that "This was the largest audience to ever witness an inauguration — period — both in person and around the globe."

Sean Spicer based this statement on a series of numbers that you can read here. The truth? It wasn't even close to the biggest and that was easily proven by live webcams.

Kellyanne Conway defended Spicer's numbers as "alternative facts" and the Trump Administration has been lying to you every day since.

FACT: Donald Trump's inauguration crowd size was nowhere near the biggest in history.

BONUS FACT: "A government photographer edited official pictures of Donald Trump’s inauguration to make the crowd appear bigger following a personal intervention from the president," according to documents acquired by The Guardian under the Freedom of Information Act.

FactPAC's Source Criteria

Criteria for News Sources
Reputable publication or network.

A reputable publication is one who's reporting upholds journalistic ethics and standards. Ethical journalism quotes sources and is willing to print a retraction if they make a mistake. 

Corroborating evidence

If a journalist is reporting that one person is claiming something but they have not checked that claim through corroborating evidence, we can't verify it as a fact. 

Peer Review

If a reporter makes a claim that has serious consequences or relates to a matter of great importance, other news networks and journalists will review their claim and attempt to corroborate or disprove the story using their own sources. 

Criteria for Citizen Journalists
Unmodified documentation

A video, audio, or image recording that has not been edited. 

Expert review of report

The FactPAC team has professional media developers that review the integrity of evidence. We also rely on third party sources to determine if the evidence is credible. 

Official Sources
Courts and legal filings

Court documents and legal filings are considered official sources. 

Congressional reports

Congressional reports and investigations are also official sources.

Other Fact Sources