The Economy Does Better Under Democrats

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Illustration, wealthy people aren't listening

Republicans have managed to create and maintain the myth that their party is best for the American economy. The facts say something different.

But the facts are not on the Republicans’ side. Historically, the American economy has performed measurably better when Democrats are in charge.

Here are some quick stats you can use when to support your assertions about the economy:

1) Since 1947, when official GDP calculations were introduced, GDP growth under Democratic administrations has consistently outpaced that of Republican administrations. This is true even when major crises like the Great Recession and the COVID-19 pandemic are factored out.

Source: Federal Reserve Economic Data | St. Louis

A similar study by Princeton economists found that from Truman to Obama, growth was 1.8 percent higher under Democratic administrations than their Republican counterparts.

2) On average, stock market growth is stronger under Democrats. Again comparing the period since 1947, data shows that markets grew an average of 10.8 percent under Democratic presidents, compared to 5.6 percent for under Republican presidents.

Source: Federal Reserve Economic Data | St. Louis

3) Democratic administrations create more jobs.

Since the 1960s, when the party holding the presidency began to fluctuate regularly, Democrats have, on average, outperformed Republicans in terms of job growth. Republican President Regan is an outlier, as he did post impressive job numbers. Here is a comparison:

Johnson (D) 10 Million
Nixon (R) 9 Million
Ford (R) 2 Million
Carter (D) 10 Million
Reagan (R) 16 Million
H.W. Bush (R) 3 Million
Clinton (D) 23 Million
W. Bush (R) 1 Million
Obama (D) 12 Million

4) Democratic policies tend to put money in the hands of a more diverse set of individuals.

According to investment bank Liberum, one reason the American economy thrives under Democrats is because of the economic multipliers that correspond with each party’s approach to stimulus.

Republicans tend to cut taxes while Democrats tend to expand social safety nets and invest directly in the economy.

According to Liberum, a tax cut that reduces government revenues by one percent grows the economy by an average of 0.3 to 0.4 percent.

On the other hand, expanding benefits, like unemployment, at a level with the same relative cost to the government grows the economy by 1.2 to 1.7 percent.

The multiplier, therefore for a typical Republican stimulus is .03 to .04, and for a typical Democratic stimulus, it is 1.2 to 1.7. This means for the same cost, a demand-side, benefits-based stimulus creates 4 times the economic growth than does a supply-side, tax cut-based stimulus.

Republicans simply have to run higher deficits to achieve the same results, a position that should be difficult given their supposed disdain for debt.

5) Democratic policies invest in long-term growth and shared prosperity.

Democrats tend to use the government to invest directly in programs that cannot be supported solely by the free market, like education, infrastructure and research. Although these types of investments do not produce immediate profits for the government, they have been demonstrated to produce payouts into the future in terms of more widespread economic well-being. And that is good for all Americans.

Updated on Jul 13, 2021

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